Use case for Python Tuple
Most Python programmers are guilty (me included) of always using List without even considering Tuple at all. Surely for some use cases, Tuple should be better, right? Keep reading for one such case.
Tuple is like List but immutable, so it has lesser in built methods. Tuples are faster than Lists, but it is noticeable only when the size of the tuple is considerably large. If you want a refresher, check out this blog by Michael Galarnyk
A general rule of thumb is to use Tuple only when the data will or should not change.
# Create Tuple with two elements
tup = (1, )# Re-assign first element
tup = 3
This does not mean you really can’t change a tuple. If the underlying tuple element is mutable, then we can change it. This could lead to unintended side effects. For example, children/inherited class can modify a tuple element initialized by the parent class.
# Add element to existing List element inside Tuple
Personally, I am more into Deep Learning and have to deal with image files a lot. Image files have many popular formats like jpg, png and svg etc. We often have a situation where we have to find all files of certain types from a folder. There are many ways of going about this. We will explore a few options.
Option 1: Using List
The filtering based on the extension type is done with the help of
endswith method. Since the
endswith method does not accept list, we are looping through all the extension elements. The code looks readable and takes about 2 microseconds which is not bad, but for every extension type, we have to run through all the files one more time. I have a suspicion that we can do much better.
Option 2: Using Tuple
Almost similar code, but we are able to pass the entire Tuple as parameter to the
endswith method. This removes the extra loop and makes the code even shorter. The code now runs about 2 times faster. To run your own experiments, use this notebook as a base.
Some methods like
endswith accept Tuple as parameter, if the data does not change then better to use Tuple or convert List to Tuple before passing data to the method. Tuples make the code look more elegant and run faster. Also, don’t forget about the caveat. If you have any questions or thoughts, feel free to reach out via comments down here or Twitter.